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Why the energy and food nexus is critical in refugee context

Gender-inclusive approach is critical to solving the puzzle
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Refugee settlements in East Africa are usually located in dryland areas with poor soils and lack of irrigation water, creating more challenges in these vulnerable communities. Refugees rely on food rations from relief aid, mostly consisting of dry cereals that take a long time to cook, requiring a large amount of energy. Providing affordable and sustainable energy resources for refugees and their host communities poses a significant challenge.

In this episode of Let’s Talk Trees, World Agroforestry (ICRAF) bioenergy research scientist Mary Njenga, and Associate Director for Gender Initiatives at Pennsylvania State University Ruth Mendum discuss their experiences working with such communities in Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia. They highlight the importance of working with both and their host communities to ensure best practices are deployed to produce food and cooking energy sustainably in the landscape. A gender-inclusive approach is critical to ensuring effective resource management, as women and children make up the majority of the inhabitants of refugee camps and settlements in East.

Some refugee and host communities in East Africa are now practicing agriculture and agroforestry techniques that show promise  in complimenting food and energy resources from relief aid, for example, to provide vegetables for the family. Such efforts shed light on the benefit of prioritizing local and regional food security for low- and medium-income countries.

Find more information about Resource recovery and reuse (RRR) in refugee settlements in Africa project, funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (BMZ), and implemented by International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Pennsylvania State University, World Agroforestry, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). The team also works with various organizations such as ADRA Ethiopia, Danish Refugee Council, the U.N. refugee agency (UNHCR) and U.N. Habitat to pilot and scale locally viable and gender-responsive circular economy-based solutions to reduce soil degradation and competition for natural resources between host and refugee communities in Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia.

This research was supported by CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystem. Participation of Dr. Ruth Mendum is supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture and Hatch Appropriations, US Department of Agriculture (USDA).

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For more information on this topic, please contact Mary Njenga (ICRAF) at M.Njenga@cgiar.org or Solomie Gebrezgabher (IWMI-Ghana) at S.Gebrezgabher@cgiar.org.
This research forms part of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry, which is supported by CGIAR Fund Donors.
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